Shadow Ministry of Education


To have provisions on children’s right to free and compulsory basic education, including quality services, and to access education institutions and facilities for persons with disabilities that are integrated into society, to the extent compatible with the interests of the person. This includes the use of Sign language, Braille or other appropriate means of communication, and access to materials and devices to overcome constraints arising from the person’s disability. There are also provisions on access for youth to relevant education and training; access to employment; participation and representation of minorities and marginalized groups in governance and other spheres of life, special opportunities in educational and economic fields, and special opportunities for access to employment. The rights of minorities and marginalized groups to reasonable access to water, health services and infrastructure are also enshrined, as it is incumbent upon government to develop a culture of human rights, promote gender equality and equity and facilitate gender mainstreaming in national development. 

Jubilee vs. Thirdway Alliance Big Goals

Jubilee Government

         Third Way Alliance

  1. Work towards achieving a 100% transition from primary to secondary school.
  2. Double the funds available under the Higher Education Loans Board.
  3. Improve the quality and quantity of the middle level workforce by aligning the curriculum with the needs of industry, revitalizing Youth Polytechnics.
  4. Establish formal linkages between the private sector, academia and government to solve real life issues.
  1. Abolish fees at all levels in public schools, colleges and universities.
  2. Waive HELB penalties to all graduates who are unemployed Convert to a University Education Funding Agency once university fees are scrapped
  3. Establish, Equip and Modernize Technical Secondary and village polytechnics
  4. Involve educationists and other stakeholders to develop a holistic education system that will be relevant to the needs of our country.

Issues to address

  1. Were all major issues addressed in the above?
  2. Is the current Kenya’s financial state in the position to implement the above?
  3. How the state of human capital in the implementation of the four issues?
  4. Are there proper checks and balances in place to cub misuse of funds allocated to the education docket?
  5. Scrutinize the approach by the Jubilee government and address them.

Areas of concern 

  1. The above intended actions require finances for proper implementation therefore the government should be in a position to fully finance these policies. 
  2. Unqualified teachers have found their way in the teaching profession simply because no proper policies have been instituted.
  3. There is need for private educational institutions to be fully incorporated in formulation of educational policies. 
  4. There should be proper guidelines governing educational reforms and policies for effective implementation of curriculum change. 
  5. The educational policy of reducing the university entry to C+ then enrolling all students to our public Universities is a way of killing our private universities. This has really affected the revenue collection by the government as the enrolment percentage to these institutions is below the very minimal. This has also forced the termination of many large tutorial fellows that were relying on these students.
  6. The introduction of digital approach in teaching and learning before proper preparations.  i.e. Training of teachers, safety of the gadgets(laptops), proper buildings for learning
  7. Teachers’ security is paramount. As per now teachers who are not indigenous residents of most parts of North Eastern part of Kenya and Mt. Elgon have no peace at all. 
  8. Recognition of teachers’ academic upgrading in posts and enumeration promotions. 
  9. How to address the repeated strikes in the education sector due to government not agreeing on the contents of the CBAs as the demands by the respective unions.
  10. Mushrooming of learning institutions in this country whereby majority of these institutions do not qualify to function. In some cases, some of these school’s lack essentials like proper buildings, play grounds, washrooms, emergency tools etc

Way forward through targeted interventions – Ministry of Education

  1. Come up with proper educational policies that will suit the 21st century child. This child is known to be a critical thinker, self-efficacy, creative thinker, full of collaboration and citizenship therefore any educational amendments that do not address the demands of this child are of no importance.
  2. How can we create competition in our curriculum development to ensure learners get the latest and most useful ideas in the shortest time possible? Is nanotechnology there? What of analytics?
  3. Ensuring that only students who choose Bachelor of Education as a first choice are admitted? This will ensure that dedicated and highly motivated teachers man institutions.
  4. Policy interventions can see to it that education can bridge the gap between Kenya’s socio-economic classes by sponsoring learner not only in universities but also secondary schools of education but also Some elite schools are offering scholarships to poor students, a great step forward. The Government is sponsoring students to private universities – can the same be done in high schools? Education should not reinforce the class system, it should reduce it.
  5. Because education is the backbone of the society, we must always involve educationists and other stakeholders to develop a holistic education system that will be relevant to the needs of our country. This will imply at any educational level.
  6. Making sure that the new education system (6-3-3-4), which looks very Japanese, should not be about redistributing the years, but delving into the issues raised above and empowering the next generation
  7. With the expansion of the education system with more universities and increased the transition rates. What are the returns on this? Are the new institutions benefitting the few men and women getting jobs there or the graduates?
  8. Working on policies that will instil too much faith in our educational institutions whereby these institutions are seen as Complements not substitutes, other institutions like family, governments and religions.
  9. To promote all-round development of compulsory education and equitable education; to take charge of the macro-guidance and coordination of compulsory education; and to direct the regular senior secondary education, pre-school education, and special education.
  10. To draw up strategies, policies and plans for educational reform and development; and to draft relevant rules and regulations and supervise their implementation.
  11. To take charge of the overall planning, coordination and management of all forms of education at various levels; to formulate, in collaboration with relevant departments, the standards for the setting-up of schools of all types at various levels; to guide the reform of education and teaching methods; and to take charge of the statistics, analysis, and release of basic educational information.
  12. To provide guidance for the development and reform of employment-oriented vocational education; to formulate the curriculum catalogues for secondary vocational education, documents for the guidance of teaching, and standards of teaching assessment; to enhance the compiling of teaching materials for secondary vocational education and to improve the occupational counselling.
  13. To direct the development and reform of higher education, and further deepen the reform of the administrative system of universities under the direct affiliation of the Ministry of Education.
  14. To take charge of the overall management of the educational funds under the jurisdiction of this Ministry, take part in formulating policies for the raising and allocation of educational funds, and capital investment in construction for educational purposes, and to prepare statistics of the funds for education across the country.
  15. To plan and direct the educational work for the ethnic minority groups, and to coordinate the educational aids to the ethnic minority groups and ethnic minority areas
  16. To direct the work of ideology and political education, moral, physical, health, arts, and national defence education in all types of schools at various levels; and to direct the construction of the Party in institutions of higher learning.
  17. To administer teachers’ work; to formulate and supervise the implementation of the standards for qualification for teachers of various types and at various levels together in collaboration with relevant departments; and to direct the training of people for the education system. 

As a Ministry we collaborate with others to address the following:

  1. To make sure that the educational budget is only used only in the way its intended to.
  2. To address the security issues that directly affects education in our country. This has been witnessed in areas like Mt. Elgon and North Eastern parts of the country. In addition to that the ministry would like to see security in all education institutions enhanced.
  3. The promotional criteria within the educational sector which will go hand in hand with remunerations as stipulated in the labour laws.
  4. To promote the educational system that will solve the current situation as highlighted in the vision 2030.
  5. Coming up with school-based interventions that can effectively influence common risk and protective factors for a range of health behaviours, even for marginalized groups of adolescents who are adversely affected by health inequities.

The Ministry will focus on the following aspects to include the following collaborative measures:

  1. Emphasizing on the aspect of professionalism where only qualified personnel handle educational affairs.
  2. Creating a friendly atmosphere and environment to enhance proper teaching and learning.
  3. Repossess all grabbed land belonging to public educational institutions as this has really caused threat on the affected institutions.
  4. Employ teachers to attain internationally acceptable student-teacher ratio. As it is for now there are schools where the ratio of teacher to pupil is 1:100.
  5. Coming up with proper educational and work policies that will make all public servants to enrol their children in public schools
  6. Set up career guiding in all learning institutions to enhance career choices among learners.
  7. To create strong ECD centres in all public primary schools and set a put the teachers concerned on payroll.
  8. Come up with a proper work policy that will allow un-employed registered teachers/ tutors working as special interns/tutorial fellows in our institutions.  
  9. Working on the best way so far to address the various CBAs affecting education in the country.
  10. To inspect and access the private learning institutions particularly universities to avoid road-side degrees.   
  11. To entrench new study modules in the curriculum like peace education, conflict resolution, corruption and human rights. These will give learners a good foundation in their psyche to become good citizens.


  1. The use of only educationalists in shaping and addressing educational matters, will enable our educational system. 
  2. Proper budgeting and implementation of the educational funds will ensure smooth running of educational systems.
  3. There is need to change the attitude and perception of the nomadic societies in our country that majority do not recognize the significance on education.
  4. Vocational teacher sponsored courses majorly computer based will sharpen their skills hence improving their delivery.
  5. Career guiding on its side will enhance learners’ perception on careers.
  6. All teachers working in our institutions either public or private must be registered with TSC and must have a Good Contact certificate.

Hon. Newton John Omukabe

SCS – Ministry Education