Shadow Ministry of Labour and Social Protection


The Ministry’s mandate is  Formulation, review and implementation of Social Security, employment, programme for persons with disabilities, national human resource planning and development, national labour productivity, Child Labour and regulation management, Facilitating and Tracking Employment creation, Co-ordination of National employment, Internship and Volunteers for public service, Community Development, Protection and advocacy of needs of Persons with Disabilities, Social Assistance programmes, Workplace Inspection and Workman's Compensation 


  1. National Labour Employment Policy Management 
  2. National Human Resource Planning and Development 
  3. Facilitating and Tracking Employment Creation 
  4. Migratory Labour and International Jobs Policy 
  1. National Labour Productivity 
  2. Competitiveness Improvement 
  3. Industrial Training 

Departments in this Ministry

Labour Department - implementation of the three major Labour Laws;

Employment Act, 2007, Labour  Institutions Act, 2007, the Labour Relations Act, 2007.

Mission: Provision of Decent Job Opportunities in Kenya through Improved Institutional Effectiveness  

Social protection department (comprises of three Divisions namely:

Field Services and Community Development. Social Welfare and Older Persons. Disability and Volunteerism) 

Mission:  To support poverty reduction efforts through promotion of good governance, sector coherence, and equitable coverage

Jubilee vs Thirdway Alliance Big Goals 

Jubilee Government 

Third Way Alliance 

  1. Food security - expand food production and supply 
  2. Affordable housing - build 500,000 affordable houses     
  3. Manufacturing - Raise the share of manufacturing sector from nine to 15 per cent of the gross domestic product (GDP) by 2022 
  4. Affordable healthcare for all - provide universal health coverage for all Kenyan homes 

  1. Ending economic and social injustices in Kenya 
  2. Ending Theft of Public Funds 
  3. Ending tribalism and Negative ethnicity 
  4. Youth and Women Taking over Government 
  5. Protecting the Constitution, devolution & rule of law 
  6. Taking our rightful place in the Competitive Global Agenda 

  Issue to address

  1. Check over budgeting to forestall theft and wastage in the big 4? 
  2. Is there technical capacity of implementing agencies?   o Are there established frameworks to support implementation?  o Important issues not addressed?   o Compare and highlight important issues that jubilee government have not addressed or focused on 


  1. These projects need heavy funding. Capping the interest rates to encourage borrowing by companies, individuals and banks is not sustainable.  
  2. Few developers will want to sink money on cheap housing and this will affect the standards of acceptable or liveable houses that are affordable - Affordable housing would be achieved by reducing the cost on mortgages and construction materials. 
  3. Private sector must drive the economy as they are the main taxpayer; so we must find a way of working with the private sector for success. 
  4. Focus must be on reforms so that we open up the economy and free up money held by the Government. 
  5. We must fix the fundamentals of governance like addressing corruption to aid in addressing runaway joblessness and poverty (Each year, according to World Bank report corruption alone, denies 250,000 youths a job and a livelihood) 
  6. It is not lack of policy initiatives regarding the employment challenge in Kenya but rather inadequate policies that have failed to respond to the changing realities of employment in Kenya in general and of youth unemployment in particular. 
  7. With the heavy emphasis on the expansion of the manufacturing sector; the Blue Economy, Agro-Processing, Leather and Textiles, the issue of skilled labour and youth graduating from universities and other colleges is not addressed.  
  8. We also require political stability and harmonious labour relations to achieve productivity and growth in the labour market. 
  9. Relevant ministries must have strategies for implementation, and with realizable and measurable targets. 


  1. Interrogate the youth problem to identify the driving forces, felt needs, values, education, skills formation, and training and work aspirations. The surrounding ideas should include issues such as governance, representation, inclusiveness, and participation of the youth in the country’s institutions, decision making and development processes.  
  2. We must implement enabling industry-led technical and vocational education and training to build skilled Kenyans ready to take up jobs and opportunities prioritizing on the following:  
  3. The envisioned employment efforts and interventions should target the enhancement and promotion of the youth entrepreneurial potential to promote linkages between youth and available opportunities. 
  4. Change of the attitude and perception of the society and the youth about the informal sector – Sensitization, education, conversations through organized forums. 

As a Ministry collaborate with others to address the following: 

  1. To address the problem of skills mismatch with the labour market, work with business community to ensure needs are closely engaged with educational and training institutions.  
  2. Labour market-driven curriculum for use in technical and vocational training institutes 
  3. Information knowledge on human resources between the public and the private institutions shared 
  4. Maintaining and improving access to technical and vocational skills through the expansion of youth polytechnics. 
  5. Mainstreaming youth with special needs in youth vocational training and Increase bursary provision for needy students in youth polytechnics  
  6. Create linkages between training institutions and the private sector through research, internship opportunities and finance (however taking care not to make internship and industrial attachments avenues of cheap labour). 
  7. Promote the establishment of business incubation centres as an active labour market policy to provide coaching, mentoring, improve entrepreneurial success and provide networking platforms etc. 
  8. Collaborate with Private sector and encourage them to get involved in technical education and training.  

The Ministry will focus on the following aspects to include the following collaborative measures: 

  1. Undertake Employment interventions that target the enhancing of the acquisition and promotion of efficient use of labour market information. 
  2. The ministry will emphasize on reliance on market forces to mobilize resources for sustained growth, provision of public infrastructure, industrialization and enhancement of private sector investment and participation in the economy, promotion of industrial harmony and productivity, and liberalization of the labour market etc. 
  3. Have industrialists as members of the boards of educational and training institutions so as to provide input into the curricula. 
  4. Design school-industry link programs that aid students in appreciating the relevance of learned theories in the world of work 
  5. Enforce teacher placements in businesses/industries during school holidays to facilitate sensitization of teachers on the skills their students need to acquire 
  6. Set up career advisory services and making them accessible to all job-seekers. 
  7. Increase the number of the youth taking up entrepreneurship activities to reduce youth unemployment, reduce failure rates of youth enterprises and reduce job losses to improve competitiveness of youth enterprises. 


  1. Proper budgetary allocations and government commitments towards funds schemes allocated will ensure that such schemes remain sustainable especially if the schemes pursue initiatives that promote the supply side of the market. 
  2. Systematic planning and programming of specific projects to address youth problems and concerns need to be fast-tracked with clear strategies for implementation, and with realizable and measurable targets. 
  3. There is need to change the attitude and perception of the society and the youth about the informal sector.  
  4. Training needs assessment must be undertaken by concerned government ministries or departments and involving both the employers and providers of trainings on the one hand and the trainees on the other hand to ensure an all-inclusive policy formulation.  
  5. Improving Institutional Effectiveness will help Provide Decent Job Opportunities 
  6. Stakeholders must support and promote Business Idea Competition Fora early at high school level to entrench the entrepreneurship culture among the young people at an early age. 
  7. Consider and encourage mergers of small enterprises to exploit economies of scale, encourage thrift, financial literacy, managing financial risks inherent in lending to youth entrepreneurs and to develop youth leaders, trainers and mentors within such settings.  
  8. Relevant ministries must have strategies for implementation, and with realizable and measurable targets especially in the   co-ordination of all national employment policies. 

Aisha Karanja SCS – Ministry of Labour and Social Protection